Python integrations running in Docker contain a built-in set of CA-signed certificates, to which you can add custom trusted certificates when needed. For example, if you work with a proxy that performs SSL traffic inspection or use a service that has a self-signed certificate. You can also configure the server and integrations to trust custom certificates.
Only PEM format certificates are supported.
This procedure assumes that the Cortex XSOAR
lib dir is configured to the default location
/var/lib/demisto requires root access. This is relevant for Docker and Podman.
If you have moved the
lib dir file to a different location, use the new location instead of the default.
In addition, if you have configured the
certs dir at a different location from the Cortex XSOAR
lib dir file, you can configure the dir to search for the file:
python-ssl-certs.pem by setting the server configuration:
docker.custom_certs.dir. For example if the certs file is located at:
/opt/mypath/python-ssl-certs.pem, specify the following server configuration:
Configure the custom certificates.
Create a certificate PEM file that includes all of the required custom certificates.
To examine the certificate chain used by a specific endpoint, run the following command on the server machine (requires openssl client):
openssl s_client -servername <host_name> -host <host_name> -port 443 -showcerts < /dev/null
openssl s_client -servername api.github.com -host api.github.com -port 443 -showcerts < /dev/null
This prints certificate information including the PEM representation of the certificates. After examining the output, if you see
Verification error: unable to get issuer certificate, one or more certificates in the certificate chain is not available and you need to obtain these certificates from your IT administrator.
To save the certificates to a
certs.pemfile run the following command:
openssl s_client -servername api.github.com -host api.github.com -port 443 -showcerts < /dev/null 2>/dev/null | sed -n '/^-----BEGIN CERT/,/^-----END CERT/p' > certs.pem
To verify that the
certs.pemhas all needed certificates as part of the certificate chain, run
openssl verify -CAfile certs.pem site.pem, where
site.pemcontains the certificate of a specific site you want to trust. To get the cert of a site, run
openssl s_client -servername <site_host> -host <site_host> -port 443and copy the base content including
After saving the
certs.pemfile, add its content to
/var/lib/demisto/python-ssl-certs.pem, by running the following command:
cat certs.pem >> /var/lib/demisto/python-ssl-certs.pem
(RedHat/CentOS only) Set the required SELinux permissions.
By default, when SELinux is in enforcing mode, directories under
/var/lib/cannot be accessed by docker containers. To allow containers access to the
/var/lib/demisto/python-ssl-certs.pemfile, you need to set the correct SELinux policy type, by typing the following command:
chcon -t svirt_sandbox_file_t /var/lib/demisto/python-ssl-certs.pem
(Optional) Verify that the file has the
container_file_t SELinuxtype attached by running the following command:
ls -d -Z /var/lib/demisto/python-ssl-certs.pem
(Optional) If you require the standard set of certificates trusted by browsers, you can append the CA certificates provided by your operating system. For example, on Ubuntu, these certificates are located at the following path:
/etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt. Alternatively, you can download the PEM certificates file provided by the Certifi Project and add your custom certificates to the file that contains the standard set of certificates.
This example adds the
proxy-ca.pemfile (custom certificate) to the
cacert.pemfile (standard certificates):
cat proxy-ca.pem >> cacert.pem
Copy the certificates PEM file to the following path.
(Multi-tenant) In a multi-tenant deployment, the certificate is copied to the following path on the host machine:
Configure the Cortex XSOAR server settings.
Go to→ → .
In the Server Configuration section click Add Server Configuration.
(Multi-tenant) In a multi-tenant deployment, the server configuration must be added to each tenant.
Save the server configuration.
Restart the Cortex XSOAR server to verify that all existing Docker images are relaunched.
(Optional) Add the certificate files to engines.
Configure each engine to use the
Ensure that you have the following directory on the engine host.
Set the demisto user as the directory owner with 0700 permissions.
python-ssl-certs.pemfile to the
Add the following configuration to either the engine configuration file (UI) or to the
Restart the engine.
Verify that the configuration was added successfully.
If you are using an SSL inspection proxy (MiTM) and want to verify that the certificates are properly set, you can run the following command, which will fetch from www.google.com using HTTPS, and print the headers of the response:
!py script="import requests; print(requests.get('https://google.com').headers)".
After you save the server configuration, Docker images that are launched by the Cortex XSOAR server will contain the certificates file mounted in the following path:
Additionally, the following environment variables will be set with the value of the certificates file path, which enables standard Python HTTP libraries to automatically trust the certificates (without code modifications):
If you are developing your own integration (BYOI) and using non-standard HTTP libraries, you might need to include specific code that will trust the passed certificates file when the environment variable SSL_CERT_FILE is set. In these cases, always use the value in the environment variable as the path for the certificates file, and do not hard code the mounted path specified above. For example:
certs_file = os.environ.get('SSL_CERT_FILE') if certs_file: # perform custom logic to trust certificates...
The Python SSL library will check the
SSL_CERT_FILE environment variable only when using OpenSSL. If you are using a Docker image that uses
SSL_CERT_FILE environment variable will be ignored.
You can do additional TLS/SSL troubleshooting.